The following is a guest post from Laura Brown about how to make red wine. We hope you enjoy!
Wine making is a process that involves the blending together of the fruit, skill, and time. Although there are different types of wine that entice one’s taste buds, red wine is seen to be among the top favorites. Described below is an easy way to understand the wine making procedure that would solve your query of how to make red wine.
First of all, you would need to fetch fresh red wine grapes from a vineyard and then de-stem them. What this means is that the grapes have to be removed from the vegetation which they are attached to while growing or after being picked out.
The next step is to put the de-stemmed grapes into a crusher so as to gently break the flesh of the fruit and compress it into a paste. The nature of the processed wine is determined by the total time during which the paste of the compressed grapes is left to stay in contact with the other natural ingredients in the tub or drum.
Once the winemaker believes that the right amount of time has passed, the juice of the fruit should be drained away and the fermentation process has to be initiated by adding yeast into the mixture. In case some of the paste remains unused, it can be sent back to the vineyard as it holds the ability of fertilizing grape vines.
The fermentation process can be quite long, such as a number of weeks, so you have to be patient. Also, if a high temperature is used to facilitate this process, a larger amount of flavor and more color would be extracted from the grapes as a result.
As soon as the amount of sugar and color of the wine are deemed to be perfect, the drum should be opened and the completed mixture should be removed and poured into individual containers in order to mark the end of the fermentation process.
After the fermentation process, the red wine is to be poured immediately into different bottles for good storage. It can also be left in the barrel for aging which would help to enhance its quality. The aging process basically refers to the amount of time, usually years, which the wine would have to spend in barrels. Depending on the desired flavor and quality, some types of the red wine go through a longer aging process than others. You may also want to fine tune the red wine you are making with egg whites which would aid to suspend solids such as yeast downwards. This has to be done prior to the racking, filtering, and bottling of the red wine. If you intend to make a fine quality red wine, you would certainly benefit a great deal by letting it age for a long time as this would help to preserve its color as well as flavor. No wonder it is often heard that the oldest wine tastes the finest.
Author Bio: Laura Brown is a passionate winemaker who has researched and experimented with many types of homemade wine for more than 20 years. She lives with her husband on a farm in the rural south where they grow much of the fruit they use to make homemade wine. She shares her homemade winemaking experiences in the book “Make Tasty Wine” (http://www.maketastywine.com/) which is a “must read” for anyone interested in making their own delicious and flavorful wines. The book is sold with 12 month support from an award-winning winemaker in Napa, California, Cynthia Cosco of Passaggio Wines.